Primarily the result of public-private partnerships in transportation, this category of transportation includes private sedan, van, and minibus fleets that provide transportation service under contract to public or nonprofit agencies. Social service fleets, nonemergency medical fleets and accessible transportation for the disabled provided through public agencies under Medicaid or the Americans with Disabilities Act are all examples of this type of transportation.
In the United States, there are approximately 2,100 contract service fleets that operate 26,000 vehicles. These companies employ 71,000 people and provide mobility for 150 million passengers annually.*
*Profile compiled from Wells, 1975; Wells, 1977; Gilbert et al, 1982; Stanley and Burby, 1988; and Gilbert et al, 2002